Visit Metagene.de!
Summary
ARTEFACTS AND PITFALLS: DRUG ABUSE - GAMMA-AMINONOBUTYRIC ACID (GHB)
GHB has been reported to be mainly used and misused in USA, Australia and Europe and has resulted in numerous hospital admissions and related deaths [WHO 2012].

symptoms
altered consciousness, consciousness disturbance
onset, adolescent
onset, childhood
laboratory finding
4-Hydroxybutyric acid mmol/mol Creaurine
Literature
Cronin H,et al.Menkes syndrome presenting as possible child abuseCutis904170-1722012
Weng SC,et al.Recurrent spontaneous subserosal hematoma of ileum causing intestinal obstruction in a patient with menkes disease: A case reportMedicine (Baltimore)9537e48422016
Yen HC,et al.Disruption of the human COQ5-containing protein complex is associated with diminished coenzyme Q10 levels under two different conditions of mitochondrial energy deficiencyBiochim Biophys Acta186091864-18862016
Malicdan MCV,et al.A novel inborn error of the coenzyme Q10 biosynthesis pathway: cerebellar ataxia and static encephalomyopathy due to COQ5 C-methyltransferase deficiencyHum Mutat39169-792018
Salviati L,et al.Primary Coenzyme Q10 DeficiencyGeneReviews-« Internet002017
Takeuchi S,et al.Acute posterior fossa epidural hematoma in a newborn infant with Menkes diseasePediatr Emerg Care302117-1192014
Hill SC,Dwyer AJ, Kaler SGCervical spine anomalies in Menkes disease: a radiologic finding potentially confused with child abusePediatr Radiol42111301-13042012