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Summary
ARTEFACTS AND PITFALLS: BACTERIAL CONTAMINATION, EXCRETION OF ORGANIC ACIDS (EXTERNAL) EXTERNAL
symptoms
onset, adolescent
onset, childhood
onset, infancy
Organic acids, urine
laboratory finding
Glutaric acid20.00670.000.009.00mmol/mol creatinineurineALL
Lactic acid100.007500.006.0064.00mmol/mol creatinineurinechildhood
Cresol 1.20110.00increasedurine
4-Hydroxyphenylacetic acid140.00500.006.0028.00mmol/mol creatinineurinechildhood
4-Cyclohexanecarboxylate increasedurine
Tyramine80.00400.00 mmol/mol creatinineurine
3-Hydroxypropionic acid20.002000.004.0030.00mmol/mol creatinineurine
Thiamine pyrophosphate1000.002000.00 mmol/mol creatinineurine
Literature
Guneral FBachmann CAge-Related Reference Values for Urinary Organic Acids in a Healthy Turkish Pediatric PopulationClin Chem406862-8681994
Sweetman LOrganic acid analysisTechniques in diagnostic human biochemical genetics: a laboratory manual Editor F.A.HommesWiley-Liss Inc. New York00143-1761991
Levy HLLobbregt D, Barnes PD, Poussaint TYMaternal phenylketonuria: magnetic resonance imaging of the brain in offspringJ Pediatr1280770-7751996
Guneral FBachmann CAge-Related Reference Values for Urinary Organic Acids in a Healthy Turkish Pediatric PopulationClin Chem406862-8681994